The Innovation Intermediaries Role in the Adoption of Emerging Technologies in Iran's Automotive Industry

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc., Department of Technology Management, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Science and Technology Policy, Research Institute Science and Technology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.



The success rate of a type of technology is manifested in its adoption and continued use. In this sense, the condition development, user behavior, and the factors affecting it should be identified. However, this issue has been almost neglected and most of the studies only examined the factors influencing the adoption and use of technology at a particular time. Over the last two decades, scientific research has notably focused on the adoption of theories of emerging technologies within information and industrial systems. Innovation intermediaries are organizations or bodies that act as representatives or agents in every aspect of the innovation process between two parties and are recognized as important actors that can facilitate the innovation process. The combination of these two with the embargoes governing Iran’s industrial environment, imposed with different intentions, has led this research to investigate the effect of innovation Intermediaries on the adoption of emerging technologies in the automotive industry with the moderating role of embargo restrictions.
This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive survey in terms of method. Its statistical population includes senior managers (CEO, board members, research and development managers, sales managers, and quality control managers) of Iran’s automotive industry. This paper used the probability sampling method with the available population. Considering the statistical population, 130 people were selected as a sample using Cochran’s formula. The main instrument for gathering information was a questionnaire. The reliability and validity of the research instrument were measured using composite reliability tests, factor loadings, Cronbach's alpha, convergent, and divergent validity. The data were analyzed using SmartPLS 3 and SPSS 24. A key advantage of this approach is its ability to achieve reliable results with a smaller sample size compared to Lisrel modeling. Through SmartPLS modeling, standard regression coefficients can be obtained for paths, coefficients of determination for internal variables, and index sizes for the conceptual model. It is worth mentioning that to test the hypotheses, the t-test was used to determine the validity of the relationship between the constructs.
The hypotheses showed that the innovation intermediaries have a significant effect on understanding the ease of use of emerging technologies, perceived usefulness, willingness to adopt emerging technologies, legal support in the adoption of emerging technologies, security concerns in the adoption of emerging technologies, cost savings of emerging technologies in the automotive industry. The F2 test results revealed that sanction restrictions act as a moderating factor in the relationship between innovation intermediaries and the adoption of emerging technologies in Iran's automotive industry.
This study strongly showed that innovation intermediaries could provide an effective contribution to innovation processes and the adoption of emerging technologies in automotive companies. The present study has filled a research gap by empirically verifying the relationship between innovation intermediaries and the adoption of emerging technologies in the automotive industry. Innovation intermediaries play an important role in filling the gap between emerging technologies and their successful adoption by businesses and consumers. They act as catalysts, connecting different stakeholders, providing expertise, and fostering collaboration, which in turn paves the way for the adoption of emerging technologies.


Main Subjects

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