Selecting the Appropriate Credit Guarantee Model for New Technology-based Firms (NTBFs) in Iran using the Analytical Network Process (ANP)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Technology Management, Faculty of Management & Economics, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Prof., Department of Technology & Entrepreneurship Management, Faculty of Management & Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran. Visiting Lecturer, Department of Technology Management, Faculty of Management & Economics, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Prof., Department of Technology Management, Faculty of Management & Economics, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


According to the studies conducted on New Technology-Based Firms (NTBFs), the biggest problem of these companies is their access to financial resources. Studies show that among the indirect intervention policies, credit guarantee schemes have been considered by governments for facilitating the financing of these enterprises due to the need for less budget and a higher leverage effect. The purpose of this article is to present the appropriate credit guarantee model for new technology-based Firms.
In this study, which used a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, firstly, by reviewing the literature, credit guarantee models, key components, and main criteria for choosing the appropriate credit guarantee model were identified and validated by the opinion of an expert group. Finally, the most appropriate model was selected using the Multiple Criteria Decision-Making Model and Analytical Network Process (ANP). Also, to form the grounds for policy implications for credit guarantee programs in Iran, an in-depth study of credit guarantee programs in the country and a comparison of the constituent components of credit guarantee programs with the classified models for credit guarantee in the world was carried out.
The findings of this study indicate a lack of effective policy formulation and a deficiency in the precise and targeted selection of a local credit guarantee model for emerging technology-based firms in Iran. The central outcomes of this study revolve around the identification of credit guarantee models, the delineation of key components, and the establishment of criteria for choosing the most suitable credit guarantee model. Furthermore, the research entails the ranking of both these criteria and the various models under consideration. According to the insights gathered from experts in this domain, the research findings highlight the primary criteria for selecting a credit guarantee model. These criteria, ranked in order of significance include: facilitating the provision of credit services, assessing the consequences of the credit guarantee system, effective risk management, and governance of the credit guarantee system. This ranking reflects the experts' assessment of the most pivotal factors when evaluating credit guarantee programs. The criterion of facilitating the provision of credit services has the most weight (importance). Also, policy implications such as: "Government support policies regarding the development of guarantee tools", " creating a centralized and reliable credit risk database" and "Governance and functional changes in the country's credit guarantee institutions" were proposed to create a local credit guarantee system for NTBFs.
In this research, utilizing the ANP methodology, the selection of an apt credit guarantee model for the nation aligns with the specific requirements of emerging technology-based firms, the prevailing economic and institutional landscape, and global best practices and successful models. This approach holds substantial promise for achieving significant success, not only in shaping effective policies but also in their successful implementation within the realm of financing for these companies. Reforming the institutional and functional structure of the country's credit guarantee institutions in the short term, as well as the formation of new credit guarantee institutions according to successful credit guarantee models in the world and their development in the long run can play a significant role in the financing of NTBFs.


Main Subjects

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