طراحی یک الگوریتم بر پایه تحلیل پوششی داده‌های شبکه‌ای با شاخص‌های خوب و بد به منظور ارزیابی صنعت برق ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تحقیق در عملیات، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت (پردیس کیش)، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 استادیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده مدیریت و مالی، دانشگاه خاتم، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: اهمیت دادن به بحث صرفه‌جویی انرژی با توجه به سهم بالای مصرف انرژی در صنایع، تأثیر به سزایی در رشد و پیشرفت کشورها دارد. هدف از این پژوهش، ارزیابی عملکرد فرایندهای تولید، انتقال و توزیع نواحی برق ایران است.
روش: با بکارگیری مدل تحلیل پوششی داده‌های شبکه‌ای نمرات کارایی کل و نمرات فرایندهای تولید، انتقال و توزیع برق محاسبه شده است. در ساختار شبکه‌ای، داده‌های اصلی و داده‌های مازاد (هزینه سوخت مصرفی، مصرف داخلی، ظرفیت پست‌های انتقال، طول خطوط انتقال برق، ظرفیت ترانسفورماتورها و طول شبکه فشار ضعیف و متوسط)، اندازه‌های میانی (تولید ویژه، تولید ناویژه و انرژی تحویلی)، ستاده‌های خوب (قدرت نامی، قدرت عملی و انرژی تحویلی) و ستاده‌های بد (گازهای آلاینده زیست محیطی و تلفات انرژی) در نظر گرفته شده است.
یافته‌ها: : الگوریتمی بر پایه برنامه‌ریزی چندهدفه برای ارزیابی کارایی شبکه و به طور همزمان ارزیابی کارایی فرآیندها ارائه شده است. با بکارگیری الگوریتم ارائه شده نواحی 16 گانه صنعت برق ایران ارزیابی شده‌اند.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج نشان داد نواحی برق تهران، خراسان، خوزستان و زنجان بیشترین کارایی را دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing an algorithm based on network data envelopment analysis with desirable and undesirable indicators for the evaluation of the Iranian power industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Radsar 1
  • Aliyeh Kazemi 2
  • Mohammadreza Mehrgan 3
  • Seyed Hossein Razavi Hajiagha 4
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Operations Research, Department of Industrial Management, Kish International Campus, University of Tehran, Kish, Iran.
2 Associate Prof., Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
3 Prof., Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
4 Assistant Prof., Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective: Energy saving regarding its high share in energy consumption of industries has a significant impact on the growth and development of countries. This study aims to evaluate the performance of Iran's electricity generation, transmission, and distribution processes.
Methods: By using a network data envelopment analysis (DEA) model, the overall efficiency scores, and efficiency scores of production, transmission, and distribution processes are calculated. The network structure considers the main and surplus inputs (fuel consumption costs, internal consumption, transmission substation capacity, power transmission lines length, transformers capacity, low and medium voltage network length), intermediate sizes (net power generation, gross power generation, and delivered energy), desirable (nominal power, actual power, and delivered energy) and undesirable outputs (environmental pollutants, and energy losses).
Results: An algorithm based on a multi-objective programming model is presented to evaluate network performance and simultaneously to evaluate processes efficiency. The proposed algorithm is used to evaluate 16 electricity areas in Iran.
Conclusion: The results showed that Tehran, Khorasan, Khuzestan, and Zanjan are the most efficient areas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Performance Evaluation
  • Power industry
  • Network DEA
  • Production
  • Transmission
  • and distribution processes
سخنور، محمد، صادقی، حسین، عصاری، عباس ، یاوری، کاظم و مهرگان، نادر (1391)، تعیین کارایی شرکت‌های توزیع برق ایران و عوامل مؤثر بر آن با استفاده از تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها و رویکرد دومرحله‌ای، مجله تحقیقات اقتصادی، 2، 21-39.
شفیعی نیک‌آبادی، محسن، یاکیده، کیخسرو و اویسی عمران، اکرم، (1396)، ارائه مدل تحلیل پوششی داده‌های شبکه‌ای با تلفیقی از خروجی‌های مطلوب و نامطلوب میانی و نهایی، نشریه تحقیق در عملیات و کاربردهای آن، 14(1)، 95-116.
شفیعی نیک‌آبادی، محسن، یاکیده، کیخسرو و اویسی عمران، اکرم، (1396)، رویکردی ترکیبی از تحلیل پوششی داده‌ها با انواع خروجی‌ها و تحلیل پنجره در ارزیابی کارایی صنعت برق، نشریه چشم‌انداز مدیریت صنعتی، 6(4)، 157-180.
ممی‌پور، سیاب، نجف زاده، بهنام. (1397). ارزیابی سه بخشی کارایی زیست محیطی صنعت برق ایران: رهیافت تحلیل پوششی داده های شبکه‌ای. مجله تحقیقات اقتصادی. 53(2)، 191-217.
مهری بابادی، رضا، (1394)، تجهیزات پست خطوط انتقال و توزیع برق، سومین کنفرانس ملی رویکردهای نوین در مهندسی کامپیوتر و برق، رودسر، ایران.
یاری، مرتضی (1394)، تحلیل اگزرژی- اقتصادی، اگزرژی- زیست محیطی و بهینه سازی یک سیکل تولید چندگانه، رساله دکتری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی. دانشگاه گیلان.
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