ارزیابی و مقایسه شاخص‌های کلیدی عملکرد توسعه پایدار در صنعت پتروشیمی با استفاده ازSMAA و SMAA-S

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه MBA، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه سیاست‌گذاری بازرگانی، پردیس البرز دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

3 استاد، گروه بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران

4 استادیار، گروه بازرگانی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر، شناسایی شاخص‌های کلیدی عملکرد توسعه پایدار صنعت پتروشیمی ایران و همچنین رتبه‌بندی و مقایسه زوجی شرکت‌های زیرمجموعه یکی از شرکت‌های مادر تخصصی این صنعت و شناسایی قوت‌ها و ضعف‌های راهبردی آنها با توجه به تمامی شاخص‌ها و همچنین رتبه‌هایی است که می‌توانند به خویش اختصاص دهند. تعیین مهم‌ترین شاخص کلیدی عملکرد در ارتباط با بنچ مارک متوسط عملکرد پنج‌ساله توسعه پایدار از سایر اهداف مهم این پژوهش است.
روش: در این پژوهش از روش تحلیل مقبولیت تصمیم‌گیری‌های تصادفی چند‌متغیره SMAA ـ از اعضای جدید خانواده تصمیم‌گیری چندمتغیره ـ استفاده شده و روش نمونه‌گیری، غیرتصادفی نیز سهمیه‌ای است.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که برای نگاه جدید به حاکمیت شرکتی، شاخص‌های کلیدی عملکرد عبارت‎اند از: از جنبه بعد اقتصادی شامل: رشد درآمد، درصد بازگشت دارایی و نسبت سود به درآمد؛ از جنبه بعد زیست‌محیطی شامل: مصرف آب سالم، تولید گازهای گلخانه‌ای، مشعل‌سوزی، لکه‌های نفتی و کاهش زباله؛ از جنبه بعد اجتماعی شامل: جلوگیری از فساد، مقدار صدمات و جراحات وارده و میزان توسعه و آموزش نیروها است. همچنین رتبه‌بندی شرکت‌ها و مقایسه زوجی آنها و شناسایی قوت‌ها و ضعف‌های هر یک از شرکت‌ها به‌دقت انجام شد. مشعل‌سوزی نیز به‌عنوان مهم‌ترین شاخص در ارتباط با توسعه پایدار شناسایی شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: یافته‌های این پژوهش حاکی از آن است که شرکت‌های فعال در حوزه صنعت پتروشیمی، ضمن توجه به نگاه چندبعدی حاکمیتی و ایجاد ارزش‌آفرینی برای تمامی ذی‌نفعان، می‌بایست به شاخص کلیدی مشعل‌سوزی نگاهی ویژه داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating and Comparing Key Indicators of Sustainable Development Performance in the Petrochemical Industry Using SMAA and SMAA-S

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Shahhoseini 1
  • Seyede Forouzan Javaheri Shalmani 2
  • Tahmores Hasangholipor yasory 3
  • Ali Rostami 4
1 Associate Prof., Department of MBA, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Business Policy, Alborz Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Prof., Department of Business Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Prof., Department of Business Management, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The present study aims to identify key indicators of sustainable development performance in the petrochemical industry of Iran. Moreover, we tend to provide rankings and pairwise comparison of subordinate companies which are related to one of the holding companies of this industry. Additionally, the present study aims at identifying strategic points regarding all indicators and their rankings and also recognizing the most important KPIs regarding the 5-year sustainable development performance. 
Methods: In this research, Stochastic Multi-criteria Acceptability Analysis is used that is a new member of Multiple-criteria decision analysis methods. The sampling was done through  quota non-probability method. 
Results: the results indicated that economic perspective's KPIs include revenue growth, return on assets, and profit to revenue ratio. Environmental perspectives include fresh water usage, greenhouse gas, flaring gas, oil spills, and waste reduction. Also, preventing corruption, injury rate and development and workforce training are the KPIs regarding social perspective. Having provided rankings and comparison among the companies, flaring gas was identified as the most important KPI related to sustainable development.
Conclusion: This research can address all companies related to the petrochemical industry, to consider all perspectives of corporate governance. Not only value creation for all stakeholders should be the goal of this kind of companies, but they should also emphasize on flaring gas as the most important KPIs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Corporate governance
  • Key performance indicators
  • Sustainable Development
  • Petrochemical Industry
  • Flaring gas
  • SMAA
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