طراحی مدل ارزیابی تاب‌آوری زنجیره تأمین صنعت برق با استفاده از رویکرد آمیخته: تحلیل تم ـ تحلیل عاملی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه مدیریت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت صنعتی و مالی، پردیس فارابی دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی و کسب‎وکار، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت تحقیق در عملیات، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: وجود ریسک در زنجیره تأمین اختلال ایجاد می‎کند، از این رو به‎منظور کاهش تأثیر ریسک، زنجیره تأمین باید به‎گونه‏ای طراحی شود که بتواند به‎طور کارا و مؤثر به تغییرات محیطی پاسخ دهد، از آنجا که صنعت برق، بخش مهمی از اقتصاد کشور را تشکیل می‏دهد و هر گونه ریسک و اختلال در جریان آن موجب می‎شود هزینه‌های جبران‌ناپذیری به تولید و صنایع وابسته به کشور وارد شود، ضرورت دارد که زنجیره تأمین صنعت برق تاب‏آوری شایان توجهی داشته باشد. از این رو هدف از اجرای این پژوهش، طراحی مدلی برای ارزیابی تاب‌آوری زنجیره تأمین صنعت برق است.
روش: در این پژوهش به‎منظور طراحی مدلی برای ارزیابی تاب‌آوری زنجیره تأمین صنعت برق، رویکرد آمیخته تحلیل تم ـ تحلیل عاملی به‎کار گرفته شده است.
یافته‎ها: در این پژوهش از طریق مصاحبه با 15متخصص در صنعت برق که دارای مدرک کارشناسی ارشد و بالاتر بودند و در این زمینه از تجربه و دانش لازم برخوردار بودند و رویکرد تحلیل تم، مدلی برای ارزیابی تاب‌آوری زنجیره تأمین صنعت برق طراحی شد، سپس با استفاده از تکنیک تحلیل عاملی و به‎کمک نرم‎افزار Smart PLS و توزیع پرسش‎نامه و جمع‎آوری نظر 323 نفر، روابط بین متغیرها بررسی و تحلیل شد.
نتیجه‎گیری: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که معیارهای مؤثر بر تاب‎آوری زنجیره تأمین صنعت برق به دو دسته کلی معیارهای داخلی و خارجی دسته‎بندی می‎شوند. در دسته معیارهای داخلی سه بعد مهم مسائل فرایندی، انعطاف‎پذیری و چابکی قرار دارد و در دسته معیارهای خارجی، ابعاد مسائل بازیگران، مسائل اقتصادی و مسائل محیطی مهم و مؤثرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a Resilience Assessment Model of the Electricity Industry Supply Chain Using the Theme Analysis Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Adel Azar 1
  • Meisam Shahbazi 2
  • Hamid Reza Yazdani 3
  • Omid Mahmoudian 4
1 Prof., Department of Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Prof., Department of Management, Faculty of Management, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Prof. Department of Management, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
4 PhD Candidate, Department of Operational Research, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: Risk in the supply chain is disturbing it. In order to reduce the effects of risk, the supply chain must be designed in such a way that it can efficiently and effectively respond to environmental changes. Electrical industry is an important part of the economy of the country and any risk and disruption in it can lead to irreparable costs to the production and inter-dependent industries. It is necessary that the supply chain has a high resilience. Therefore, the aim of this research is to design a model for assessing the resilience of the electricity supply chain.
Methods: In this research, a theme analysis approach mixed with factor analysis approached was used to design a model for assessing the resilience of the supply chain of the electricity industry.
Results: The research findings were obtained through interviews with 15 experts (experienced experts in electrical engineering with a master's degree or higher, with the necessary experience and knowledge in this field) and a model to analyze the resilience of the power supply chain was designed using the theme analysis approach. Then, the relationship among the variables were analyzed through factor analysis using Smart PL software and collecting 323 questionnaires.
Conclusion: The results of the research showed that the effective measures on supply chain resonance in the electricity industry are divided into two general categories of internal and external criteria. Among internal criteria, three important dimensions of process issues, flexibility and agility are found and in the category of external criteria, the dimensions of the issues of actors, economic issues and environmental issues are important and effective.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • resilience
  • Supply Chain
  • Theme Analysis
  • Electrical industry
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ذگردی، حسام‌الدین؛ داورزنی، هدی (1390). تحریم و اختلال در زنجیره تأمین. تهران: انتشارات سازمان مدیریت صنعتی.

صادقی مقدم، محمدرضا؛ مؤمنی، منصور؛ نالچیگر، سروش (1388). برنامه‌ریزی یکپارچه تأمین، تولید و توزیع زنجیره تأمین با به‎کارگیری الگوریتم ژنتیک. مدیریت صنعتی، 1(2)، 71-88.

کریمی دستجردی، داوود؛ اکبری جوکار، محمدرضا؛ فیض‌آبادی، جواد (1388). توسعه و تبیین یک پیکربندی برای طبقه‌بندی زنجیره‌های تأمین با استفاده از رویکرد منبع محور در صنعت خودرو. مدیریت صنعتی، 1(2)، 121 تا 138.

 

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