Presenting a Multi-objective Optimization Model to Improve Energy Consumption Efficiency of Residential Buildings

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc. of Industrial Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Prof. of Industrial Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Prof. of Industrial Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Nowadays, considering the importance of the energy issue, it has become a major concern of economic topic. According to the energy balance sheet data, more than one third of the total energy consumption in Iran is consumed in the building sector. With regard to the massive waste of energy in the existing buildings, as well as the low efficiency of heating and cooling systems, seeking the right solution to reduce energy consumption in this sector is of utmost important. In this study, based on mathematical modeling, a solution has been presented to help us choose a proper combination of primary building materials and active or inactive air conditioning systems for residential buildings. It aimed to minimize both costs and thermal energy consumption of building materials. The proposed model has been utilized for a residential building in Tehran. Then, the optimal combinations of materials have been determined based on national building regulations (code 19).


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