ارائه مدل دومرحله‌ای احتمالی استوار برای طراحی زنجیره تأمین خون تاب‌آور با درنظرگرفتن اختلال زلزله و بیماری واگیردار

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد، گروه مدیریت صنعتی و فناوری اطلاعات، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: در دنیای آشفته امروزی، زنجیره‌های تأمین با اختلال‌های متعددی مواجه‌اند که سبب قطع یا کاهش جریان می‌‌شوند یکی از راه‌های مقابله با اختلال‌ها، استراتژی‌های تاب‌آوری است. در این مقاله، با در نظر گرفتن دو اختلال در زنجیره تأمین چندسطحی خون و مدنظر قراردادن تأثیر آن‌ها، مدل احتمالی مبتنی بر سناریو دومرحله‌ای استوار ارائه شده است.
روش: پس از مرور مقاله‌های مختلف، شکاف تحقیقاتی بررسی و مدل‌سازی ریاضی صورت پذیرفت. برای مقابله با عدم قطعیت، برنامه‌ریزی احتمالی دومرحله‌ای استوار استفاده شد. در پایان نیز با استفاده از روش ترابی و هسینی، به حل مدل پرداخته شد.
یافته‌ها: مدل ارائه‌شده در موردی واقعی، یعنی زنجیره تأمین خون شهر تهران، در مدت زمان مناسبی با نرم‌افزار گمز حل شد و اثر راهبردهای تاب‌آوری گوناگون در سناریوهای مختلف مشخص شد و با بررسی جواب‌های مدل، صحت مدل به تأیید رسید.
نتیجه‌گیری: در این مقاله نشان داده شد که می‌توان با استفاده از راهبردهای تاب‌آوری افزونگی، بهبود انعطاف‌پذیری و گسترش مسئولیت اجتماعی، زنجیره تأمین خون را تاب‌آور ساخت و کمبود را در هنگام مواجهه با اختلال‌ها کاهش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing a Two-stage Robust Stochastic Model for Designing a Resilient Blood Supply Chain Considering Earthquake Disturbances and Infectious Diseases

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Sibevei 1
  • Adel Azar 2
  • Mostafa Zandieh 3
1 PhD Candidate, Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Prof., Department of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Prof., Department of Industrial Management and Information Technology, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective: In today's turbulent world, supply chains face a variety of disruptions that cause disruption or reduction of flow in them. One way to deal with supply chain disruptions is through resilience strategies. In this paper, a two-stage scenario-based model was developed considering two disruptions in the multilevel blood supply chain as well as their effects.
Methods: First, by examining different articles, the research gap was investigated and then the mathematical modeling was done. Also, to deal with uncertainty, two-stage stochastic programming was used. Finally, in order to face the multi-objective nature of the model, the model was solved by Torabi and Hosseini method.
Results: The proposed model was solved using the Torabi and Hosseini method in the real case, i.e. the blood supply chain of Tehran, in a suitable period of time by GAMS software.
Conclusion: The achieved results of the present study proved that adopting strategies such as redundancy, flexibility, and expanding social responsibility makes it is possible to make the blood supply chain resilient and reduce the shortage when faced with disruptions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resilient Supply Chain
  • Blood Supply Chain
  • Disruption
  • Robust mathematical modeling
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