Determining the Optimal Combination of LARG Supply Chain Strategies Using SWOT Analysis, Multi-criteria Decision-making Techniques and Game Theory

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Prof. of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student in Operation and Production Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

3 Ph.D. Student in Operation Research, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran


Objective: This research focuses on the integration of lean, agile, resilient and green paradigms in the supply chain and the constraints of SWOT analysis, in order to improve the performance of the supply chain.
Methods: First, multi-criteria decision making techniques were used. Then, SWARA method was used to weigh the criteria of the LARG supply chain and the gray ARAS method was used to prioritize the strategies. At various levels of SWOT analysis, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats were identified and appropriate strategy was opted. Finally, in order to determine the optimal combination of strategies, the fuzzy Shaply value and game theory were used.
Results: In this paper, the results showed the most important criteria are business waste, quality and cost. To determine the optimal combination, eight strategies were selected at different levels of strength, weakness, opportunity, and threat from SWOT analysis.
Conclusion: According to the results of the research, the optimal combination of SO2ST2WO2WT1 strategy was proposed, which included strategies for the existence of an integrated networking for the production, transfer, reduction of technical and non-technical wastes in distribution network and purchasing of electricity by private companies.


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